Managing Asthma and Allergies
What causes allergies?
An allergy takes place as the immune system over-reacts to allergens. Allergens may be dust mites, pollen, latex, insect stings, nuts etc. Sometimes the autoimmune system makes a mistake and incorrectly picks out nontoxic substances as harmful.
When a substance is considered to harmful, the autoimmune system releases chemical compounds to combat the allergen(s). These chemical compounds are a biological part of the body’s immune system and are called histamines. Alas, histamines cause various side effects such as skin rashes or shortness of breath.
Who gets allergies?
Anyone can develop allergies. However, certain groups of people are more prone to allergies. Groups most in danger of emergent allergies are:
- Infants and toddlers
- Expecting women
- The elderly
- Someone with a persistent health issues
Generally, the weaker the body’s immune system, the greater the chances of developing allergies.
Asthma is a familiar allergy that influences countless people. Asthma is a lifelong problem that creates inflammation of the airways and lungs which are then prone to exposure of contaminants in the air like smoke, pollution and cold air. These allergens initiate a response in the airways and lungs that cause linings to airways and lungs and a corresponding reduction in breathing capacity in the lungs and airways.
Severe reduction in airway volume can result in lungs not being able to breathe properly and may very well be life threatening if not treated swiftly. Signs or symptoms include:
- Sensation of tightness on the chest
- Coughing and out of breath
- Struggling to breathe properly
- Loss of capability to breathe
How to manage asthma
Asthma cannot be cured and it really is a lifetime problem. However, the vulnerability to frequent asthma attacks might be reduced by prudent management such as:
- Every-time carry medication / inhaler – The starting of asthma could very well be unpredicted and acute. Asthma sufferers must always hold medication instantly obtainable to manage the primary phases of airway constriction.
- General health – exercise and a healthy diet ease the threat of recurring and unpredicted asthma attacks
- Identify allergens – such as pollution, smoke, cold air etc. Many asthma suffers have even have gone as far as moving out of their staying place to ease exposure to things that trigger allergies.