All About Asthma
Asthma is a disease of the lungs that does not have a permanent cure. Asthma happens due to inflammation of the bronchial tubes that make the air passages narrow making breathing difficult. When you have an attack of asthma, an enormous amount of mucus coats the airway walls, making it difficult for the lungs to get the normal amount of air. These sensitive airways react to certain things such as perfumes or colognes, cigarette smoke, cold or moist air, physical activity, pet dander and even anxiety.
Asthma is a common disease. Almost 300 million people are affected by this illness all over globally. Although the ailment affects both men and women in equal numbers, it is more common in children. In fact, it generally appears itself in early childhood.
The symptoms of an asthma attack are wheezing, chest tightness, coughing and shortness of breath. Asthma attacks are generally mild and can be controlled by the use of a rescue inhaler. The beta 2-agonists in it help to open up the airway passage by relaxing the muscles and letting the oxygen pass through normally. However, a severe asthma attack can be deadly if not taken care of quickly. This is because all the important organs start getting affected when there is lack of oxygen.
There is no cure for asthma, but asthmatics can live normal, active lives if their illness is treated or kept in control. However, unchecked asthma with frequent attacks can cause damage to heart and lungs in the long run.
There are several precautionary measures to help keep this problem under control. The best possible way to prevent an asthma attack is to avoid what triggers it. However, this can only be done by first understanding what causes the problem. The awareness can help asthmatics find course of measures to avoid it.
The cause of asthma may vary from person to person. It is a blend of the environment, genetics and biological factors such as hormones, food or allergies. Though the regular triggers are dust mites, pollens from plants, perfumes and other cosmetics and even from warm-blooded pets.
The first main warning sign of asthma is coughing. A frequent cough or annoying tickle in the throat is felt continuously that worsens at night. Shortness of breath or rapid breathing is another symptom of asthma. Besides this, the patient finds difficulty in sleeping.
Consult your doctor immediately if you experience asthma symptoms. Although he will not be able to cure you permanently, but with regular medication along with environmental and lifestyle changes you will be able to lead a normal life. Remember do not ignore this problem as it can even lead to death.